Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr <p>Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) published by Sir Syed College of Education Katlang Mardan, Pakistan</p> en-US editor@jerssr.org.pk (Dr. Muhammad Idris) editor@jerssr.org.pk (Hazrat Bilal) Wed, 13 Dec 2023 05:31:56 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Study of Power Struggle on Constitutional Amendments in the National Assembly of Pakistan between Bhutto Government and Opposition Parties https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/234 <p><em>The opposition parties all over the world have a significant character in the process of not just constitution-making but also during the amendment process. Likewise, opposition parties manifested a significant role not just in the introduction of the 1973 constitution but also in the amendments introduced during his government. This study while going through the constitution-making process, attempts to explore the demands of the opposition parties to be introduced in the constitution and once it was promulgated their pressure to amend as per their demands. Bhutto in the desire to have a unanimous constitution promised the opposition parties that it would add their ideas to the Constitution. In the coming years, the most prominent amendments that were incorporated were related to the declaration of Ahmadis as non-Muslim. The opposition demanded to introduction of a wide range of Islamic ideas.</em> <em>The primary sources for this study include the National Assembly of Pakistan Debates during the years 1973-77. Secondary information can be found in a variety of sources, including books, newspapers, journals, and official records. The role of opposition in each of the six amendments that were made to the constitution of Pakistan between 1973 and 1977 will be discussed in this study.</em> <em>This study concludes that opposition during the Bhutto government aspired more pivotal role in amendments to the constitution but the government was not ready to incorporate their all demands, it was this tussle that paved the way for the martial law of General Zia ul Haq and the removal of Bhutto government.</em></p> Dr. Mansoor Ahmed, Khurram Shahzad, Muhammad Numan Tahir Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/234 Wed, 13 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring the Effectiveness of Conferences in Building up the Teachers’ and Students’ Outreach at the University Level https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/236 <p><em>This research explored the role and effectiveness of conferences in developing outreach and the difficulties in participating in conferences through the teacher's and students’ views. University graduates need to make themselves apprised of the isolation of a university to enrich themselves with innovative research ideas. The conferences offer valuable networking opportunities by bringing together individuals from various backgrounds and promoting collaboration. The mixed methods approach was used to conduct this research. The questionnaire was conducted among 300 graduates conveniently from graduate students of various departments. Moreover, the 10 teachers and 15 students with purposive sampling were contacted from different departments of the university and were interviewed to get their in-depth perceptions. Data showed that all the participants appreciated the role of conferences in building up outreach as conferences serve as platforms for experts, researchers, and professionals to share knowledge, and discuss innovative ideas. The majority of the participants agreed that conferences are valuable for both teachers and students. Data revealed that conferences the students and teachers agreed that conferences focus on specific areas of interest within a country provide innovative ideas, and the opportunity to build networks. Although the organization of conferences comes up with challenges of budget, security issues, high expenses, cost of internet, digital equipment, and traveling. It is found that new and low-budget universities cannot afford and conduct conferences easily despite their worth. The study recommended that universities should organize conferences despite low budgets and should reduce the limitations to the development of teachers’ and students’ outreach and networking.</em></p> Mr. Rab Nawaz, Dr. Nasrin Akhter, Mr. Iqbal Javed Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/236 Wed, 13 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Integration of "Forensic Science" as a Compulsory Course into the Legal Education System of Pakistan and its Impact on Lawyering Skills https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/239 <p><em>This research paper intends to explore the scope and impact of introducing "Forensic Science" as a compulsory course in the different Bachelor of Law degree programs that are being offered in Pakistan. The study investigates the importance of forensic science education in Pakistan and evaluates the potential benefits of incorporating this course into the legal education system of Pakistan. It also gives a short introduction to the institutions providing forensic services in Pakistan. The paper analyses the challenges that may arise in implementing this idea and proposes solutions to overcome them. It also discusses the influence of the teaching of forensic science over the lawyering skills of students of law. The authors have also proposed the course contents of "Forensic Science" which may be approved with the consent of stakeholders and the National Curriculum Review Committee of HEC with or without modifications. The research method which has been adopted to gather the data and draw conclusions is doctrinal. The outcome of this research suggests that introducing forensic science into the curriculum of legal education programs in Pakistan would have a significant impact on legal education, legal practice, and the administration of justice in Pakistani society.</em></p> Mr. Amjad Hussain, Ms. Ashna Rehman, Ms. Latiba Khanam Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/239 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of the Characteristics of Idealist Educators at Secondary Level https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/240 <p><em>This study focuses on the characteristics of idealist educators at the secondary level and aims to identify their key traits. The research was significant as it sought to establish connections between the role of teachers in idealism and the specific characteristics of idealist educators. A sample of 30 secondary educators, comprising 15 males and 15 females, was randomly selected from schools in the Lahore district. The questionnaire was personally administered by the researcher to the participants. The collected data was tabulated and analyzed using the percentage method. The findings suggested that idealist educators actively promoted the principles of idealism. The study contributed to a better understanding of the role and characteristics of idealist educators in secondary education.</em></p> Muhammad Naseem Abid, Hafiz Muhammad Mubbshar, Dr. Muhammad Thair Mushtaq Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/240 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Revolutionizing Higher Education: Pedagogical Innovation and Quality Enhancement in the University Environment https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/241 <p><em>This research investigated the relationship between pedagogical innovations and student engagement in higher education within the "Revolutionizing Higher Education: Pedagogical Innovation and Quality Enhancement in the University Environment" study. Analyzing data from 300 participants in public institutions in the Punjab district revealed a strong positive correlation between pedagogical innovations and student learning engagement. The findings underscored the pivotal role of engaged students in facilitating the adoption and effectiveness of new teaching methods. While emphasizing this correlation, the study acknowledged barriers to widespread adoption, including limited technology access and insufficient faculty training. Recommendations centered on faculty development, resource allocation, and fostering inclusive learning environments. The research advocates for longitudinal studies to assess sustained impacts and pragmatic approaches, ensuring equitable opportunities for innovative teaching methods and ultimately elevating the quality of higher education.</em></p> Anam Nazneen Tara, Lubna Fraz, Yan Zhang Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/241 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Investigating the Impacts of Intensive and Extensive Reading Approaches on the Reading Attitudes of Pakistani Pre-University EFL Learners https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/242 <p><em>This study attempts to examine the impacts of the intensive and extensive reading approaches on the reading attitudes of pre-university English as a foreign language learner (EFL) of Pakistan. This is a quantitative study using a pre-and post-test group design. The participants were 220 students of the foundation-level English course at Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan. A pre-test and post-test questionnaire was employed by the researchers to gather the data. The data were analyzed using a paired sample </em>t<em>-test. The results revealed that students' reading attitudes significantly changed after participating in the reading classes using the current reading approaches. The findings also showed that learners` linguistic competence significantly changed after the program. They also perceived themselves as skilled and strategic readers after the program. In addition, they reduced their reading anxiety and felt comfortable while reading in English. However, the intellectual value and the practical value of the learners remained the same before and after the program. The findings also revealed that teachers' use of Intensive reading (IR) and Extensive reading (ER) approaches in the reading classes could make learners skilled and autonomous readers. Ultimately, it could enhance their attitudes toward reading in English. The researchers recommend that IR and ER approaches should be integrated into the classes to maximize the reading proficiency and reading attitudes of the EFL Learners for a better outcome.</em></p> Zulfiquar Ali Chachar, Sayed Tanweer Ahmed, Shagufta Khurram Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/242 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Achieving Academic Excellence: A Case Study of Head’s Leadership Style in a High-Performing Girls' High School in District Lahore https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/243 <p><em>The current study constitutes an exclusive case study focused on a high-performing public sector girls' high school located in district Lahore. The primary objective is to highlight the factors influencing school performance, with a specific emphasis on the contribution of school leaders in utilizing both human and material capital to enhance overall school performance. As a case study involves a comprehensive analysis of a phenomenon, all available written, practiced, and perceived ideas and actions were documented to assess the school's performance. To achieve this, various methodologies were employed. A thorough document analysis of school records, including results, history, and logbooks, provided general information about the school. A checklist was systematically utilized to assess provisions and commodities within the school premises, encompassing infrastructure, furniture, equipment, and services offered. A researcher-developed scenario-based inventory was used to identify the leadership style of the school leader. Additionally, a school culture questionnaire aided in determining the prevailing school culture and environment. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with school staff and teachers to gather firsthand information about school leadership and performance. The findings of the case study revealed that the leader of this high-performing school exhibited a democratic leadership style, as evidenced by outstanding school results and a well-maintained school logbook. Most of the school facilities met the 75% criteria for optimal service provision, highlighting a commitment to excellence within limited budget and resources. The school culture questionnaire indicated a predominantly democratic and collegial culture in various practices. Overall, the school staff and students expressed satisfaction with their roles within the school, attributing their professional contributions to the acknowledgment and respect received from the school leader.</em></p> Saima Riaz, Dr. Saira Taj, Dr. Afifa Khanam Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/243 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Analyzing the drivers of Human Trafficking: An Awareness perspective of Punjab, Pakistan https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/244 <p><em>The current research determines the socioeconomic factors about awareness of human trafficking by collecting the data of 660 respondents in Punjab, Pakistan. The study uses descriptive analysis and an order logistic regression model to investigate the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The results of this research show that education, area of living, employment, and social class have a positive and significant impact on the awareness of people. In addition to this, the frequency of information has a negative significant impact on the level of awareness, but radio/television, social media, and newspaper/letters are the sources that lead to improved knowledge. The study emphasizes awareness campaigns at the public level to improve the knowledge base of people about human trafficking to avoid such consequences.</em></p> Dr. Salman Azam Joiya, Dr. Muhammad Hassan Danish, Dr. Muhammad Ali Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/244 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Faculties’ Charismatic, Pragmatic and Ideological Leadership Style on Students Creative Thinking https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/245 <p><em>Currently, the primary challenge facing Higher Education Institutes in developing nations is elevating their educational systems to a standard that enables them to achieve a higher ranking in innovation and research, thereby attaining world-class education. The research titled "Influence of Faculties’ Charismatic, Pragmatic and Ideological Leadership Style on Students' Creative Thinking" is a quantitative study to identify the impact of academic leadership styles on student creative thinking.</em></p> <p><em>This study was conducted at the undergraduate level, focusing on students in private and public universities in Punjab Province. The sampled population consisted of students from universities in Lahore, Gujranwala, Rawalpindi, Multan, Sargodha, and Bahawalpur. Data collection involved a multistage random sampling technique, with 800 students (400 from public universities and 400 from private universities) participating. To assess faculty leadership styles, the Teacher Leadership Style Scale (TLSS) was utilized, while student creative ideation was measured using the Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS). The findings revealed that faculty’s pragmatic and ideological leadership styles significantly positively influence student creative thinking, whereas charismatic leadership styles showed no significant influence. Suggestions for future research include extending this study to other academic disciplines.</em></p> Ikramullah Qureshi, Prof. Dr. Fauzia Naheed Khawaja Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences Review (JERSSR) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://www.jerssr.org.pk/ojs/index.php/jerssr/article/view/245 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000